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net Printed under the authority of His Majesty's Stationery Office By Frederick Hall at the University Ptess, Oxfords VOCABULARIES ARABIC, PERSIAN, TURKISH, ARMENIAN, KURDISH, SYRIAC 493774 • • •! ' = a slight stop, as in the middle of the compound word sea-eagle * = a sound formed deep in the throat to be learnt by oral example dh like t Ji in this gh a guttural r h a strong aspirate kh like ch in loch q a guttural, or emphatic, 7c r to be distinctly trilled s emphatic s t emphatic t th as in thing ch as in chat z emphatic ^ zh like the s in pleasure Other consonants pronounced as in English. a pronounced as a in about as in far e as in get e (Turkish) as e in father e (Turkish) as in met e (Syriac) as a in gate e (Arabic) as ey in obey as in hit as ee in seen o as in ^oi o (Arabic) as in hope NOTES ON PKONUl^CJLATION 297 o pronounced as u in fun u as in pull u as 00 in pool u as w in Frencli tu Biphthomfs. Nisan 'Arabaya Arabia arm (n.) Arabia tev 'Arabistan bask 'Arabistan dra'a armed armour arms army zinvadz zrah zenq zorq bchak zir chak 'askar b-chakke dir' chakke 'askar army corps zorakound ordu ordu around arrange polordig garkatrel charrakh {de- clin.), ledaor paikat keri erzibani mtukesle arrest {v.) pantargel guert erele, dawiq arrive hasnel gahesht mtele arsenal artillery zinaran, tnta- notaran thntanotq jabakhana top-khana jabakhana top ashes ashore ajiun, mokhir i tsamaq kholli sar 'ard qetma resh ar'a ask I ask thou askest he asks we ask you ask hartsnel, pesiar ker mbuqere yes pesiar kerim mbaqren g'hartsnem tou g'hartsnes ta pesiar keri mbaqret an g'hartsne au pesiar ker kimbaqer menq g'harts- ma pesiar mbaqrokh nenq kerin touq hun pesiar mbaqrutu g'hartsneq kerin 306 GLOSSARIES OF WORDS English. axle backwards bacon arrantsq tebi-yed khozi aboukht mihvar pishpashi, pishtapisht goshte-baraz qara 1-baru bisra mlikha d-khzura bad kesh, vad pis, nachak bisha, la , randa baggage ireghen, kuyq tisht, kerpal kherrumerre bake khorovel pezhin ipele bale (i^.) ballast balia, apranqi berm navakhij bar tena, farda bandage {n.) patet, gab, patatan bank (of river) kedap bar (sand) barber barley barometer barracks barrel (of a gun) barricade basket tzogh, arkelq (' sand ' = avaz) saprich kari dzanrachap, otatsuyts zoranots parse gamiye saburta d-markwa pechik ribata terefe ave siptha d-yama. battalion tabur tabur tabur battery batariyah batariyeh tabiye (for- tress) ; batari- ya (movable) battle muharabah Jang muharebe battleship markab liarbi, jabaz- {or harb sefinesi « manwar kashti) i-jang i bay khallj khallj korfez bayonet sengi, harbah sar-naizeh siingii beacb sahil sahil, kinareh yali kenari, deniz kenari beacon fanar, manarah nishan-i-atashi fanar ♦ beans ful lubiya, baqila baqla, fas- suya bear {n.) dibb khiis ayi^ beard lihyah rish saqal bearer(porter) hammal qasid, hamil hammal bearing {nmit.) jihab jihet beat {v.) dharab, yadh- kutak zadan, vurmaq rib zan beautiful hulu, jamil khushnuma, khub giizel because miu sebeb, li-ana zira, chira ki zira, chiinki bed firash takht-i-khab yataq bedroom gubbat en-nom utaq-i-khab yataq odasi bedstead charpayah takht-e khab kerevet bee zambur zambur-e asal ari beef lahm baqar gusht-i-gau okiiz eti, sighir eti beer birah ab-i-jau arpa suyu, bira beet shawandar chughundar panjar before (time) gabl qabl az -dan evvel (sujfflx) GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 311 English. duty (tax) max baj, gumruk kherj dynamite dinamit, ouzhanag dysentery thanchq is-hal is-hal each yiuraqanchour , har, har-kas kulkha ammen meg (for persons) ear aganch guh natha early ganoukh zu qalula earth yergir, kedin ard, akh (soil) ar'a earthen gavayin zh-akhi min-*epra earthwork hoghathoump chapare akhe chapar d-'epra east arevelk khawarasan, khuralat madenkha Easter Zadig 'ifidha d-pe§tia, *Edha gura eastern arevelian zh-tavhalsan madenkhaya easy heshd, tiurin hasan, sanahi sanahi eat oudel khwarin ikhelle egg havgith, tzou hek, kha betah ■^gyp^. tuna, gila awa, o resha mara d-resha an, aniga o kloukh sar klkhatsav darde sar sar, saravant shakh, halat romta sbayaguydi vayr, zorad- deghi arroghj sakh, saghlam saghlam, sakh tez, guyd shkerr kumah, shkerra tizel, goudagel sar da, takwim mkuwimle kir behistin Isel sird dagtsnel dagutiun dzanr tzhokhq. tulul) kuh, tappeh tepe hillock tell saghir kuh-i-kuchak tepejik, hiiyiik hilly dhat tulul past u buland inishli- yoqushlu him -uh, -hu (suffix) u-ra, -ash ona {dat.), (suffix) onu (ace.) himself nefsuh khudash kendi hinder mena', man'kardan, braqmamaq, yimna' kun mani' olmaq hire (n.) karwah kiraya qira his -uh,-h\i (suffix) y -i-vi,-Sish(suffix) onun maluh hit (v.) dharab, ya- zadan, zan vurmaq dhrab (strike) ; (strike) ; sab, yasib (of deimek (of mark) . khabr quddam, quddam, fil-mustaqbil hibr khalij saghlr khan ^ bi-gunah divana Turkish. ashghal) shughl ish giij joiner najjar najjar doghramaji journey sefer safar sefer, yoljuluq joyful masriir farahnak mesrur judge (v.) hakam, yah- davari kardan muhakeme kam etmek (civil, n.) ra'is mah- kamah qazi hakim (religious, n.) qadhi mujtahid mufti jug ibriq aftabeh, kuzeh desti July Tammuz Tammuz Temmiiz jump (v.) qafaz, yaqfiz jastan, jeh atlamaq ornatt,yanutt June Hazlran Haziran Haziran jungle ghabah jangal, bisheh ormanliq justice 'adl, insaf 'adl, insaf doghruluq, (equity) huquq jute jinfas kattan-e hindi {or qunnab-e hindi) i jinfas keel ka'ab el^ markab omurgha keep khalla 'and, nigah dashtan , saqlamaq yukhalli 'and dar or hafadh, yahfadh kettle ketli, jidr ab-garm-kun, kitri qazan, ibriq key miftah kilid anakhtar kick {v.) refes, yirfus lakad zadan, tepmek, tekme zan atmaq kid jedi buzghaleh oghlaq kill qatal, yaqtul ; kushtan, kush ofdiirmek, dhebeh, kesmek yidhbah GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 389 English. kiln kurah kura-ye ajur ojaq kind {adj.) latif mihraban eyi, insaniyetli kind (n.) jins {pi. amyal) mil mil, deniz mili know 'araf, ya'rif, danistan, dan bilmek Kurdistan dere, yidri Kurdistan Kurdistan Kurdistan lack {v.) az, ya'iiz kam shudan, shau eksik olmaq (to be de- * ladder derej narduban ficient) ; lazim olmaq (to be necessary) merdiven lady khatun, sitt khanum hanem, khatun lake lamb buherah, hor daryacheh gol tali(p Z.tu]yan) barreh quzu GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 391 English. rasa'il) lettuce khess kahii marul level (adj.) ' adil (ground) ; musattah, diiz (of ground); mutasawi hamwar doghru (even) liberty hurriyah azadi huriyet, azadliq lie (down) istalga, waga' : ; diraz kashi- yatmaq nam, yanam dan, kash (rest on bed) lie (to tell a) kedheb, duriigh guftan I, yalan soilemek vikdhab ga lie {n.) kidhb duriigh yalan lieutenant mulazim mulazim miilazim life 'umr, hayat zindag T, hayat hayat life-belt hizam en- kamarband-i- yiizmeye najat najat makhsiis kemer, jan qurturan kemer Uft shal, yashil, bar dashtan, qaldirmaq rafa*, yarfa' dar light (kindle, i i;.)sha'al, yish*al ranshan kardan yaqmaq (of sun, n.) niir ranshanayi nur, ishiq light (of khafif subuk khafif weight) lighter (n.) diibah, chayah maghiina lightning barq barq shimshek lights adhwa (e. of chiragh fenerler, siliyon ship) ; anwar (of ship) like (v.) habb, yahibb diist dashtan sevmek GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 397 English. saf (row) ; sufiif) (row) ; khalat (rope) habl (rope) lip shifah {dual. highroad darb sultan i, rah, shah-rah jadde (yol) tariq high water medd el-moi madd-i-darya, meddi kyamil, deniz qabar- masi hill tell {pi. information in front in front of in future ink inlet inn innocent insane inside inspect inspector instruction Arabic. mamlakat memleket mamalik) bas, yabus mach kardan opmek king kingdom kiss {v.) kit (soldiers') aghradh {pi.) asbab esbya kitchen knapsack knee knife matbakh ashpaz-kbaneh matbakh, ash khane torbah asbab-dan {or chanta chanta) zanu diz rukbah {pi. sakakin) knife (pen- chakuch, knife) qalam trash knock (at door, daqq, yaduqq kubidan, dar chalmaq V.) zadan chaqu, kard bichaq qalem trash knot (distance) mil {pi. ettuce level {adj.) liberty lie (down) lie (to tell a) lie {n.) lieutenant life life-belt bazar, marol khass, kahu kahi hart, havasar rast shtiha, rast azadoutiun barrgil sdel, soud khosel soud deghagal gianq gensakodi hurriyat, azai azadiitha rra keutin, ne- shtehle westin drau kir drau, dru zhi, 'umr mdugille dugla mulazim khaye lift partsratsnel, grel light (kindle v.)varrel, lousa- vorel (of sun, n.) arev light (of weight) lighter _ lightning lights like (v.) thethev lasd, navag perrnagir gaydzag jrak ouzel, havnil, tsangal helanin, bar muremle girtin agir kirin, agir mtape dan, dagir- standin rozhnai, ruh- bahra nai silk, sevekk qalula birusk, shim- berqa arta ruhnai, rozh- behra nai khwastin keba'yi 398 GLOSSARIES OF WORDS English. hudud) hadd hadd, kenar limp {v.) 'araj, ya'raj langidan, lang topallamaq line khatt {vl- khu- satr khatt, chizgi ; m) ; safi {pi. tliqi battle) khisarat louse vochil speh qalma love {v.) sirel, siraharil khwazin, hibin, wain, 'ashq kirin makhib MES. low low water loyal luck luggage lunch lung machine machine-gun mad magazine (powder) maize major Arabic. maset canal chrantsq kanal nehra candle mom, jrak mum, shemal sham'ah cannon {n,) thntanot top top giira cannon-ball kntag gu Uae-top gula d-top canopy ambhovani sewan, nam- makasta usiya x2 324 GLOSSARIES OF WORDS English. hiusis-arev- moudq compensation pokharinou- jerm awaz tmn, vnasu badoutsanel complain kankadil gili or sbikat kir, gazin kir musbkele condemn tadabardel tiukm kirin awed gunakar condition vijag hal, atiwal tial, ahwal (state) condition bayman sbart sbart- (stipulation) confess khostovanil iqrar kir mud el e confidence vsdaboutiun iman, dilbisai itimad , itibar confirm hastadel, sdoukel isbat kirin muqwi confiscate kravel, prni ghasib kirin, shaqil arrnel zabit kirin 336 GLOSSARIES OF WORDS English. crowd {n.) qalabalikh, izdiljam qalabaluq, jama' ah jem'iyet cruel qasi, garim bi-rahm, zalim zalim, ghaddar cruise (n.) safar darya-gardi dolashmaq cruiser tarrad, man war cultivation zira*ah, falahah abadani cup finjan, piyalah piyaleh, jam cure {n.) shifa ilaj current {n.) jarayan sail curtain pardah custom-house gumruk cut (v.) dagger daily (adj.) daily (adv.) dam (n.) damage damp {adj.) dangerous dark darkness date (time) date (fruit) daughter dawn day gas$, yaguss qata', yaqta' khanjar {j)l. kun or hima- etmek, qori- yat kardan, maq kun deficiency *adam kifayah, nuq^an kami noqsan dense thakhin, ghaliz, musb- siq musbtabik tabik depreciation kbalal, nuq§an nuq§an kbalal (of troops, guns, &c.) describe wa§af , yo^af bayan kardan, ta'rif etmek, kun or wa^f anlafcmaq kardan, kun desert {n.) chol, barr biyaban yaban desert {v.) terek, yitruk guzashtan. Syriac dead merradz, mer- rial miria mitha deaf khoul karr karra dear (person) sireli 'aziz 'aziza dear (price) sough, thank giran agran death ma.h merin mota deceive khapel gharrand, khalatand mut'ele December Tegtemper Kaniine auwal Kanun qa deck tstigon-navi declaration haidararel (of war) (baderazm) decree [n.) vdjir, hramman farman, irada qanuna deep khor chal, kur 'amiqa deer aydziam, egh- ghazal, asik ghazala defeat (w.) jerou bardoutiun shkastine, bezandine twara defeat {v.) haghtel shkast, bezan- din twere defend bashdbanel khudan kir mhumele deficiency theroutiiin, kemahi, nuqsanutha bagasoutiun nuq§an dense khit, thantzr ghaliz, giran yaqura depreciation vadtharat- (of troops, soumn (zorats, guns, &c.) thntanothits) describe nkarakrel wasf kir mtun61e desert (n.) anabad bari, chol bariya desert {v.) tasalig linel^ bar dan shweqle pakhchil deserter tasaliq qachagh qachagh 344 GLOSSAEIES OF WORDS English. yudammir detain * attal, yu' attil nigah dashtan , a Jiqomaq baz dashtan determinatio E I jazm, qarar ta^mim qarar( decision): (decision) ; iqdam (firm- israr, ta§mim ness) (firmness) devil shetan {pi. ' to put in girtin prison ' or 'under arrest') determination voroshoumn niyat zakhm gamq, mdat- routium devil diarrhoea die difference difficult dig dinner direct {adv.) dirty disappear discharge (cargo, V.) discharge (dismiss, v.) tev, sadana tanchq, por- loudsanq merrnil shaitan zik choine mirin, jan da farq darperoutiun, zanazanoutiun tzhvar zahmat porel kulan, kandin jash, unthriq nanishao (evening meal) shidag,oughigh, dirist oughghagi (= direct to) aghdod anhedanal pis, chirkin hinda or na- diyar, bu dawiq qa§d matin dewa izala d-kasa mithle purshiinya zahmat khpere ghadaya, kharamsha diiz mtiimya fetle, ghible barbel bare garni mpalit tana dainanin artzagelj Vrndel * azil kirin, rha mpalit kirin 346 GLOSSARIES OF WORDS English. dalghich divide qassam, yu- taqsim kardac I, taqsim etmek, qassim kun ayirmaq division firqah {pi. discipline {n.) garkabahou- tarbiah, riza, tarbiah tiun, hrabank nazam discover kdnel. equal (adj.) equip err escape {v.) escort {n.) escort {v.) evacuate evening every everything everywhere examine except exchange (v.) excuse {v.) exercise {n.) (physical) expect Arabic. dzakhq patsatrel baytetsnel baytil baytiun ardadzel Kurdish. kharj, masarif masrap iafsir kir, hal mpusheqle gotin agir da agir girt, taqandin mushqille nu a shqille nura la idi dawlat henartin nshavag, yen- pesh qsbm.{'prep.).m- thaga(vdanki, shan ta yevaln) maqijvochkhar meh 'erba, wana achq chav *aina extinguish marel face faithful fall yeres havadarim ihnal mirandin, mchanie kuzhdin, tifandin ru, damuchav patha rast ketin amm npille family undaniq khan baitha famous hrrchagavor, mashhur, khu- ■ mushhur anvani dan nav fanatical molerrant muta'assib muta*a§sil far herrou dur rahiiqa farm akarag mazra'ah zrota farmer akaraga-kordz jotyar, renj- bar, zari' aqaradar farriei baydarr na'alband na'alband fat (adj.) ker, kiroug qalao, wiz qshita, shamina 358 English. baba, peder kerem khaf, yakhaf tarsidaii; tars qorqmaq ' azimah id ziyaf et February feeble ferry (w.) fertile fetch fever few field fig fight {v.) fight {n.) Shubat dha'if ma'eber mukhsib ja bi-, yaji bi- sakhunah qalil mazra*ah tinah {"pl. fat {n.) djarb father hayr bab baba, kakka favour {n.) shnorh, barkev ihsan, minnat. bayariq) bairaq bairaq flat 'adil, musattah hamwar, mu- diiz, yasi sattah flea burghuth {pi. banat) dukhtar qiz girth bat an tang qolan give a'ta, yu'ti ; anta; yanti dadan, deh vermek give in istaslam, taslim teslim-olmaq (surrender) yastaslim shudan, shau glad farhan, masrur khush-hal memniin glass (of win- • jam shisha jam dow) glass (for glas, shushah piyaleh qadeh drinking) gloves kufuf (sing. glow (raise) hastsnel, medz- hishinanin, mamti tsnel ruanin {trans.), his- hin boin {intrans.) I guard (n.) bahnert, baha- paswan, qa- natrana ban ranil guide {n.) arrachnort, oughetsujrts dalil, sharazai dam guide (v.) arrachnortel rria nishan da mukhzele urkha guilty hantsavor gunahkar gunahkar gulf dzots, khorsh gun (cannon) thntanot top top gun (machine] meqenagan top khudan topang l Aashi- hratsan charkh naya gunboat thntanotanav gunner thntatzik topchi topchi gunpowder varrot darman, borud tiza, darman gypsum pourr, kadj ; alchi (Turk- ish) gaij, jas gech had (I) ounetsadz hain (v.), min ithwali ha-bii (I had) hail gargoud tairk, zipek bardha hair maz mu, par mezze hairdresser saprich muzayyin muqritana d-mizta half ges niv pelga halt {v.) gank arrnel rawastan, dainan mutule, klele halt {imper.) getsir rawusta, be sakkina kli, (pi.) klimuu halter (n.) tzion gab liafsar niikhta hammer {n.) mourj chakuch chakuch hammer (v.) tarpnel daq kir mduqiqle 374 GLOSSARIES OF WORDS English. hand hand grenade handkerchief hang up happy harbour hard harlot harvest (n.) hastily hat hate (v.) have — Armenian. tlele awiz kir ourakh, zvart, khwosh, dil- khadiya yerchanig sevik navahankisd mina gardzr sakht, rraq qeshya, sart hanragin, tsop qahba zanita Cpoz', vulgar) hountzq, arti- hasad, khar- khizda unq man, dirun shoudov, adja- blazzi jeldi baranoq klkharg barnaita, klao kiisita franji adel waki dizhmin snele girt ounenal {use 'prep. fa warns) fanus fener large kabir buzurg biiyiik last akhir ; madhi akhir, wa-pa- son (in a series); (of time) sin gechen late muta'akhkhir, mubti dir gech laugh {v.) dhahak. giilmek yadhhak khand laundry maghsal rakht-shii chamashir- (place) ; hu- khana khane dum el-ghasil (linen) law qanun {pi. charm helan gilda shweqle, trekle leave {trans.) thoghoul leech dzroug ziiri, dizruk 'alaq, zuruwa left tzakh leg srounq, vot Legation {or Tesbanadiun Residency) leisurely gamatsoren, hankistoren lend pokh dal, shnorhel chap chappe pe, saq shaqa, aqla Saf aratkhana, elchi khana llchikhana btanai bdain da, bqarz da nikha mduyenne (money) ; iwelle (general) 396 GLOSSARIES OF WORDS English. dead meypt murdeh iilii, tilmish deaf atrash karr saghir dear (person) 'aziz, mahbub *azlz *aziz dear (price) ghali giran pabali death maut marg iiliim deceive ghashsli, firiftan, firib aldatmaq, yaghishsli or gul zadan, hile-etmek December Kanun el-aw- zan Dai, Kanun-i- Kyanun-i- wal auwal evvel deck sath §afha-yi-kashti goverte declaration i'lan el-harb i'lan-i-jang i'lan-i-harb (of war) decree {n.) amr, iradali farman irade deep 'amiq *amiq derin deer gbazal ahii geyik defeat (n.) inkisar, hazi- shikast kbur- inbizam mab dan defeat {v.) kasar, yaksur ; shikast dadan, inhizam gbalab 'ala deh etmek defend dafa', yudafi* difa' kardan, muhafaza . tahrlrat destroy kharrab, , mahv etmek, " yukharrib kun bozmaq or dammar. desk kraseghan mez, pesh- miz d-ktotha takhta despatch {n.) (bashdonagan), kitab, kaghaz ktbawa namag destroy qantel, averel kharab kir mukbrule detain bahel, pandel ta't-ii kirin, {lit. khanadiq) khandaq hendeq diver ghawwag {also submarine) ghauwa? mast serkhosh sakara) diy (^O yebbes, yu- kbushk kar- qurutmaq yebbis or dan, kirn nashshaf, yu- nashshif dry {adj.) yabis, nashif khushk quru duck besh, battah urdak ordek dust toz, ghubar gard toz GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 349 English. wellc shula msupeqle spiqa it ill e zoma khli^le, timle endure enemy engine engineer handourzhel, §abr kir, jan- sbere dogal hishik bu tshnami dizhmin dishmin meqena makinah makinah meqenakordz muhandis muhandis England Anglia Englishman Angliatsi enlist (army) zinvorakrel, zinvorakrvil (to be enlisted) pavagan nshan, trosh badneshnerov amratsnel enough ensign entrench Inglistan Inglizi Engilterra Inglezaya entrenchments amratsoutiung envelope dzrar bo 'askar gir- ktiwa soldat tin (trans.); la ' askar choin (intrans.) bass bassa, kmale sanjaq, bairaq baidaq bar khandaq dari sangar choin, bar chapar run- ishtin chapar, khan- sangari daq zarf zarf 354 GLOSSARIES OF WORDS English. musavi jahhaz, yujah- tajhiz kardan, tejhiz etmek, hiz kun donatmaq (ship) ghalat, yagh- ghalat namii- ja,iiish.{ suffix) lat or akhta, dan, numa var, yanilmaq yukhti inhezem, yen- rastan, rah or qachmaq hezim rahai yaftan, yab khafar, haris badraqah qonboy rafaq, haras yahrus khalla, yukhalli takhliyeh or farregh, kardan, yufarrigh kun mesa sham ku U har hamrah raf tan, refaqat etme rau takhliye etmek, boshatmaq akhsham her ku U she hameh chiz fi kull makan har ja her shei her yere, her yerde fahas^ yafhas taftish kar- teftish etmek^ (a question) ; dan, kun yoqlamaq imtahan, yamtahin (a candidate) ilia bi-juz az -dan bashqa (suffix) beddel, yu- ivaz kardan digish etmek beddil (barter) *adhar, ya'dhir; ma*zur dash- *afv etmek, 'adhdhar tan, dar 'afv etdirmek (make excuses for) tamrin, mashq ta'lim riyadh'ah intadhar, yan- muntazir me'mul etmek tadhir biidan GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 355 English. expense explain explode (trans.) explode (intrans.) explosion export (v.) exposed ewe eye Armenian. fire(w.) nar atish atesh fire-place bukhari bukhari ojaq fire-wood tiatab hizam odun firing line e§-9aif el-awwal saff-i-auwal atesh safi, atesh firm thabit, qawi ustuwar, paya dar, muh- kam yeri - siqi fish (w.) semek, semech {sing, sem- cheh) mahi baliq flag beraq {pi. *with') followed by yar) 1 have *andi daram -im var thou hast 'andek dari -in var he has *anduh darad -i {or si), var she has 'andeha darad -i (or si), var we have *andena darim -imiz var you have 'andekum darid -iniz var they have 'andehum darand -leri (or lari) have not ma 'andi, &c. var yoq {used like na-dar var) GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 375 English. tzerq dast idha tzerrqi rroump, rrmpag tashkinag dasmal, kafiya yalikhta gakhel halawistin, . dil yiirek, giiniil qulub) ahma, yuhmi garm kardan, isitmaq kun harr, hararah garma hararet, sijaq thaqil sangin aghir jahennam diizakh jihennem sakkan sukkan dumen sa'ad, yusa'id madad dadan, yardim-etmek deh musa'adah yawari yardim -eha, -ha, -a ona {suffix) qatr galleh siirii hina inja buraya, burada akhfa, yukhfi panhan kar- saqlamaq, dan, kun gizlemek ikhtafa, yakh- panhan saqlanmaq, tafi shudan, shau gizlenmek 'all buland yiikjsek GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 377 English. hay he head headache headland head-quarters healthy heap {n.) heap up hear heart heat {v.) heat {n.) heavy hell helm help {v.) help {n.) her herd {n.) here hide {trans.) hide {intrans.) high Armenian Kurdish. ev sahibi language lisan, lughah lughat, zaban dil, lisan lantern fanus {pi. gagh leng, ku Uak shilla lapter, lampa cliira, lampa lampa nizag rumm, ram rumha tsamaq, yergir 'ard ar'a, yaushana land (v.) tsamaq yellel la-*ard hatin shari'ul or darbaz boin landing party tsamaq elnogb khoump landlord (land) galvadzader agha, sahib agha mulk (of house) language lantern dander lezou labder khudane mal mara bayta ziman, azman lishana fanus, fanar panhar large last khoshorj medz verchin mazin, gaura raba pashe, akhir kharraya late oush drang laugh {v.) khndal kani gkhekle laundry Ivatsaran shushta-khana^maseta d-juli julsho-khana law orenq qanun qanona martial law zinvoragan hukme'askari, shar'at qoshu- orenq qanune harb naya lawsuit -tad da'wa sher lay (place, put) tnel, barrgets- dainand^ hela mutiile nel 394 GLOSSARIES OF WORDS English. barg yapraq (tree) ; awraq) varaq (book) leak (n.) naqb, rasheh siirakh delik lean {adj.) dha'if, nahif laghar za'if, jiliz learn ta'allam, amukhtan, orenmek yata'allam amuz lease {n.) muddat el- ijar ; warqat el-ijar yarah ijar leather iild charm, pust meshin leave (wimns.) rah, yaruh . dadan, deh yugridh GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 395 I English. lazy dzuyl lead (metal, gabaria adj.) lead (metal; w.) gabar (metal) hramanada- Kurdish. tembal kislan qia, ziriji, surb min ri§a§ risa§ lead {v.) leaf routiun, arrachnor- toutium (of army) varel, arrach- pesh girtin, mukhwele nortel ria nishan da urkha derev; tought chlu, pak, terpa leak {n.) lean {adj.) learn (folio) jeghqvatsq, dzag nihar sorvil barak (tree) waraq, kak- haz (paper) kuna, kunn larr, razhi dasgirtin nuqba daqiqa, za'if ileple, yalep lease {n.) vartzoum kiri, kire, ta'jir hiijat leather gashi leave (m^raws.) mnal .

To be purchased through any Bookseller or directly from H. STATIONERY OFFICE at the following addresses : Imperial House, Kings Wat, London, W. bi-janib (by , tanha yaliniz alongside pahlii yanina, ya- side of), ilaja- ninda, borda nib (to side of; ) bordaya GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 301 English. hiiqraa sare bahre resha d-yama Dzovayin na- khararoutiun herratsial, sar ave choin teple resh maya alevar gankhav-tram- garz kirin, qa khishbuna dal bdain da arrachakount peshe 'askare qamaydtha d-'askar otabarig taiyara sar ave aledzoup, dzpoun hedguys navi pe gamiya taiyarah resh maya hedo pashe hedinq, irig- pashe nivro natem noren kharaya d-gamiya bathar bathar palga d-yauma jarak di; disa midre age (of persons)dariq agent kordzagal ahead arrcheven alive gentani, vo- ghch all amen, polor allowed, to be tuyladrvil ally almost alone alongside tashnagits, zinagits krete minag unt yergay- noutiamp umr, smn wakil peshin sakha hamma izin haya haval taqriban btene nezike shine vakil qamaya be-khaye kull kbare khaura taqriban be-1-hodhe b-qorba :m GLOSSARIES OF WORDS English. jevab vermek deh anvil sindan sindan urs anybody ahad har kas (bir) kimse anywhere fi ai makan, wenma har ja bashad her nerede apple tuffahah {pi. ta'yin etmek yu'ayyin kun approach {v.) taqarrab ila, nazdikama- yanashmaq yataqarrab dan, ai ila apricot mishmish zardalu qaisi English. they ask I shall ask I asked asleep ass astern at at least at most at on'ce^ attack {n.) attack [v.) August Austria Austrian Armenian. madafi') tiip top cannon-ball gullah {p L gulel) guliila-ye tup obuz canopy dhalal sayaban sayeban GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 323 English. abr bulut ghem) fahm hajari zughal-i-sangi kiimiir sahil {pl. Sj/riac, claim (n.) balianch da'wah, talab matlab clan dobm, tsegh ojakh, khil 'ashira clean {adj.) clean (v.) maqour maqrel paqij, pak paqij kir nadifa mundifle clear hstag, barz zalal, ruhnak ? awa- mir) qamandan tijarah ma'murlyet ra'is ustul muwasalah rafij or raflq {pi. sliamal gharbi shamal-i- shemal-i- gharbi gharb, qara yel compensation ta'widh talafi, ujrat tazminat complain ishteka, yash- shikayat kar- shikyayet et- teki dan, kun or nalidan, nal ■ mek condemn hakam, yah- mil j rim jesasina hukm kam (of judge] ) kardan etmek condition hal {pi. sbu- shart shart (stipulation) rut) confess qarr, yaqurr i'tiraf kardan , i'tiraf etmek, or i'taraf, kun iqrar etmek ya'tarif confidence tkiqqah i'timad emniyet confirm haqqaq, yu- iqrar, nuqairar tasdiq etmek haqqiq kardan confiscate dhabat, yadh- zabt kardan musadara et- bat mek GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 335 English. iban, masakh yenq tkarin you can touq garogh hun tshen, ibaukhu, eq tkarin masitun they can anonq garogh wan tshen, ibai, masi yen tkarin I cannot yes ch'em az nashshim, laibf, le ma§in garogh . jur- fan) partgah uchurum, qaya clock sa'ah sa'at sa'at close {v.) ghallaq, yu- ghalliq (of door) ; sedd, yasidd (close up) bastan, band qapamaq closet (water) edebkhanah khala memsha, ab- dest khane clothes hudum libas elbise, ruba cloud coal coast coat coffee cold (in head) zukam ghemah {pl. cold (in chest) su'al surfeh nezle-i-sadriye cold bard (temperature) cold {adj.) barid collar yakhah collect jama*, yijma* collision - mu^adamah colonel miralai colour colours (flag) colt comb (n.) come come (imper.) comfortable command (n.) commander commerce commission commodore communica- tion companion lon(23Z.alwan) beraq muhr " misht ja, yajl ta'al mustarih (of person) ; mu- rih (of thing) amr {pi. low tsadzr khwar, kurt khetya, kirya low water chri tsadznaln, deghadvou- tiun loyal havadarim amin, khudan tabit soz, mukhlis luck pakht bakht, Daulat iqbal luggage gah gaarasi kelomel, asbabjmane tisht-misht lunch michnadjash tasht, chast sharutha lung toq sull, shush rata machine meqena makina, alat mash Tna machine-gun meqenagan top khudan topang ma hratsan charkh shinaya mad khent din. or I 'alamat tamgha paper) (on paper, &c.) market suq . jamadat (pi.) ma' den ma'adin) {better ma*- dan) GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 407 English. ish- hur) gamar hilal mah mah mah-e nau ai ai, mahitab (moonlight) ai bashi, hilal full moon moor (tie up) bedr rabat, yarbat) badr bi-risman bedr baghlamaq more akther {corn- par.), ba'ad, zayid ziyadtar ziyade, daha, fazla (excess) GLOSSARIES OF WORDS .409 Ministry (civil) minute mirage mirror missing mist mix Mohammedan moisture monastery 'Monday money money- changer monitor Armenian. yuriimek mare laras madiyan qisraq marine bahri bahri silahendaz neferi (n.) ; bahriye (adj.) mark nishan (target) ; nishan, nishan ; ether (e.g. ') meaning ma'na ma'na measure {v.) qas, yaqis or paimudan, Ulchmek qaddar, yu- paima qaddir (of size), kal, yakil (of ca- pacity) measure (n.) qiyas, qadr, ke] [ miqyas iilchi meat lahm gusht et GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 405 English. lagham laghim plosive, n.) algham) mineral ma' din {pi. amikhtan, - amiz musulman rutubat qarishdirmaq muslim rutubet monastery der khanqah tekke Monday Yom el-ith- Dushambeh Bazar-ertesi money money- changer monitor monsoon nen fliis sarraf monitor bara^at (pi) pill para sarraf sarraf monitor monitor sefinesi bad-e mausim mevsim ruski month moon new moon shahr {pi. nakhararoutiun wizarat waziii (qaghaqagan) robe, vargian daqiqah daqiqah (modaqoyn) sarav, kurab sharaw ha\ eli awina, nink nora, mirre hinda bu msukra mek, marak- duman, khiiz, hoga hough mizh kharrnel taik da, khalat khletle kir Dadjig musulman mashlmana khonavoutiun rutubat, shili, teriiitha, tali- tarri vanq, der menastan Yergoushapti Dushambah tram, sdag para, diraf loumayapokh sarraf rasmanav lutha daira Trushaba ziizi surap, sarrafa monsoon month moon new moon full moon ^, moor (tie up) I i^ more (darevor hoghm) amis mausum, fa§le ba haiv, mah yerkha sehra lousin mah, haiv, mong nor lousin hiva nii, hiv sahra khata hilati, hilal gadar lousin hiva tam, badr badri baranovgabel gami shedan- din, langar avitin or avizhin aveli galakter, besh kabira, peterr zoda 410. morning mortar mosque mosquito mosquito-net mother motor-boat mound mountain mountain- range mouse mouth mouth (of river) move (trans.) Arabic. abah juss jami', mesjid baqq (bug) kullah umm markab gaz tell (pi.

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charkh-i- langar na-khuda, ra'is yelken bezi, yelken f es, kasket ; shapqa (Euro- pean) qadir, muk- tedir burun bojprghat, iirgat re'is, gemi suwarisi, qapudan yuzbashi yuzbashi asir esir asir giriftan, esiralmaq gir giriftan, gir feth etmek giriftan karawan, qafileh multafit bash, or hazar kun ba-hazar haml najjar qali, farsh haml kardan, kun or naql kardan, kun arabeh tutmaq kyarvan diqqat et, saqin diqqatli, gyuzu achiq hamule, yiik doghramaji, marangos kilim, hali tashimaq, go- tiirmek, naql etmek *araba, yiik *araba-si GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 325 English. mutrele kusitha capable garogh, jardar qadir, zirak qabil, ziraq cape (promon- saravand, sare chiae resha tory) hrwandan capstan anvord dulabe warise diilaba d-khaula captain (of navabed qaptan, sare qaptan ship) gamiye captain (military) captive capture (men) hariurabed keri prrnel, keri prrnel kravel , kravel, prrnel yuzbashi girti girt yuzbashi eria, hbisa erele, dawiq capture (place) capture (seize. qu§ur) burj, qal'ah bazzunah gurbeh mesek, yimsak giriftan, gir mawashi khail, sawa- riyah mugharah sagf sirdab [yl. adzoukh navaqardez, qardez azhan ayd ourakh banir teghakordz, teghavadjar varrieg bed yerekhayq dznot krich (qanta- goghats), qandagich kortziq undrel Kurdish. qabileli qablle, 'ashiret qaba'il) or *ashlrah {pl. qarishiqliq, qalabaluq tebrik intasar, van- ghalib shudan maghlub etmek ta§ir fetah, yiftah giriftan, fath feth etmek kardan ridha qabiil kardan, riza raz T shudan natijah Istambul qunsal (pi. : see heghegh, also tide) chrheghegh floor flour flower fly {n.) fly (v.) fog follow aliur dzaghig janj gosht tarsh, garan tufan, sar hadde ave 'ard ar, ard gul be^ra tarsha sel ar'a tkhuna warda, chuchag maish, muz didwa trrchel, trril ferrin tere mshoush, mar- mizh, tam khepiitha rakhough hedevel legal or lepa izelle bathre hatin 362 GLOSSARIES OF WORDS English. rijul) ; qadam, pa ayaq; yayan qadam (on foot) (measure) footpath sikkah, darb rah-i-k Schak meslek, choban yolu for— li-khatir barayi -ichin {follow' ing word) for me li barayi-man benim-ichin for thee lek barayi-tu senin-ichin for him luh barayi-ii anin-ichin for her leha barayi -ii anin-ichin for us lena barayi-ma bizim-ichin for you lekum barayi-shuma sizin-ichin for them lehum barayi-ishan anlar-ichin forbid mena', yimna' qadaghan, qa- yasaq etmek. fawakilj) miweh meive, yemish fuel fahm ; hatab sukhtani, odun, atesh (wood) himeh odunu full matrus pur dolu funeral jinazah janaza (or tadfin) jenaze funnel (of shit ) madkhanah dudkash baia GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 365 English. basatin) bagh baghche garrison muhafadhah sakhlu mustahfizin 'askeri gate bab {pi. ghazlan) ghazal jeyran gazette jaridah ruz-nama ghazeta gear gelding general generous gentle German Germany get get up (rise) ghee churgh es- sinun hisan mukhsi mushir, qa'id karim latlf Almani Almanya hassal, yuhas- sil gam, yagum dihn rakht, asbab bar-gir, akhteh sardar sakhi aletler, taqim idish at, beigir feriq, qoman- dan jumerd narm,mulayim mulayim Almani Aleman Alman yaftan, yab bar khastan, khiz ranghan Alemanya almaq, nail etmek, yetish- mek, qalqmaq dihn, yagh GLOSSARIES OF WORDS 367 English.